Nutrition and Diet Therapy: Self-Instructional Approaches, Fifth Edition
For Students

End of Chapter Test Questions

Please read each question and select your answer from the choices provided. You must complete all of the questions in order to view your results. At the end of each exam, you have the option to e-mail your results to your instructor.


1:  The objectives of dietary management of the child with phenylketonuria (PKU) include:
A: lowering phenylalanine content to the minimum requirement for growth by calculating the diet for phenylalanine content.
B: removing all milk and milk products from the diet.
C: removing all protein foods from the diet.
D: all of the above.

2:  From the following list of lunch menus, choose the one most appropriate for a PKU youngster who is 2-1/2 years old:
A: 2 tbsp roast beef, 1/2 slice bread, 1/4 c green beans, 1/2 banana, 1/2 c Lofenalac
B: 1 hard-boiled egg, raw carrot sticks, 2 Ritz crackers, 1 pear half, 1/2 c Lofenalac
C: 1/4 c sliced beets, 1/4 c green beans, 3 tbsp boiled potato, 1/2 c Lofenalac vanilla pudding with whipped topping, apple juice
D: 4 potato chips, 1 graham cracker with butter, 1/2 c Lofenalac vanilla pudding, 8 oz cola

3:  In which of the following persons with PKU could the diet be safely liberalized?
A: pregnant female
B: 20-year-old male
C: 4-year-old female
D: 2-year-old male

4:  The young parents of an infant consistently forget to give the child the required milk allowance in addition to his Lofenalac. The following may be expected:
A: The child will become allergic to milk.
B: The child's growth and development will be retarded.
C: The child will develop a lactose intolerance.
D: The child will become hyperactive.

5:  If dietary treatment starts after mental retardation occurs, the following may be expected:
A: The brain will continue its deterioration.
B: No further deterioration will take place.
C: The mental retardation will be reversed and the child will become normal.
D: Physical growth will be retarded.

6:  Phenylalanine may not be omitted from the infant's diet because:
A: as an essential amino acid, it must be supplied by diet or the infant will fail to develop.
B: the electrolytes of the body will be in negative balance.
C: it must be in the diet to produce tyrosine.
D: the child will get bradycardia.

7:  The diet of the PKU child must be calculated for:
A: phenylalanine, tyrosine, and histamine.
B: protein, carbohydrate, and fat.
C: phenylalanine, protein, and calories.
D: calcium, iron, and ascorbic acid.

8:  Techniques that promote compliance when feeding a PKU child include:
A: varying taste by using allowed flavorings and seasonings.
B: using low-protein grain products for variety.
C: adjusting quantity and texture to child's eating ability.
D: all of the above.

9:  Insufficient phenylalanine will result in which of the following symptoms?
A: stunted growth
B: anorexia, lethargy
C: mental retardation
D: all of the above

Optional: Enter your name and your instructor's E-mail address to have your results E-mailed to him or her.
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